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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(4), 1609-1630; doi:10.3390/ijerph10041609
Article

Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks

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Received: 7 January 2013; in revised form: 7 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Geochemistry and Health)
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Abstract: Chemical industry parks in China are considered high-risk areas because they present numerous risks that can damage the environment, such as pollution incidents. In order to identify the environmental risks and the principal risk factors in these areas, we have developed a simple physical model of a regional environmental risk field (ERF) using existing dispersal patterns and migration models. The regional ERF zoning was also conducted and a reference value for diagnostic methods was developed to determine risk-acceptable, risk-warning, and risk-mitigation zones, which can provide a risk source layout for chemical industry parks. In accordance with the environmental risk control requirements, this study focused on the three stages of control and management of environmental risk and established an environmental risk management system including risk source identification and assessment, environmental safety planning, early risk warning, emergency management, assessment of environmental effects, and environmental remediation of pollution accidents. By using this model, the environmental risks in Tianjin Binhai New Area, the largest chemical industry park in China, were assessed and the environmental risk zoning map was drawn, which suggested the existence of many unacceptable environmental risks in this area. Thus, relevant suggestions have been proposed from the perspective of the adjustment of risk source layout, intensified management of environmental risk control and so on.
Keywords: environmental risk assessment; risk zoning; environmental risk management; chemical industry parks; Tianjin Binhai New Area environmental risk assessment; risk zoning; environmental risk management; chemical industry parks; Tianjin Binhai New Area
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shao, C.; Yang, J.; Tian, X.; Ju, M.; Huang, L. Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1609-1630.

AMA Style

Shao C, Yang J, Tian X, Ju M, Huang L. Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(4):1609-1630.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shao, Chaofeng; Yang, Juan; Tian, Xiaogang; Ju, Meiting; Huang, Lei. 2013. "Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 4: 1609-1630.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert