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Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Sichuan Institute of Science and Technology of Environmental Protection, Chengdu 610041, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 January 2013; in revised form: 7 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
Abstract: Chemical industry parks in China are considered high-risk areas because they present numerous risks that can damage the environment, such as pollution incidents. In order to identify the environmental risks and the principal risk factors in these areas, we have developed a simple physical model of a regional environmental risk field (ERF) using existing dispersal patterns and migration models. The regional ERF zoning was also conducted and a reference value for diagnostic methods was developed to determine risk-acceptable, risk-warning, and risk-mitigation zones, which can provide a risk source layout for chemical industry parks. In accordance with the environmental risk control requirements, this study focused on the three stages of control and management of environmental risk and established an environmental risk management system including risk source identification and assessment, environmental safety planning, early risk warning, emergency management, assessment of environmental effects, and environmental remediation of pollution accidents. By using this model, the environmental risks in Tianjin Binhai New Area, the largest chemical industry park in China, were assessed and the environmental risk zoning map was drawn, which suggested the existence of many unacceptable environmental risks in this area. Thus, relevant suggestions have been proposed from the perspective of the adjustment of risk source layout, intensified management of environmental risk control and so on.
Keywords: environmental risk assessment; risk zoning; environmental risk management; chemical industry parks; Tianjin Binhai New Area
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Shao, C.; Yang, J.; Tian, X.; Ju, M.; Huang, L. Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1609-1630.
Shao C, Yang J, Tian X, Ju M, Huang L. Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(4):1609-1630.
Shao, Chaofeng; Yang, Juan; Tian, Xiaogang; Ju, Meiting; Huang, Lei. 2013. "Integrated Environmental Risk Assessment and Whole-Process Management System in Chemical Industry Parks." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 4: 1609-1630.