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Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy
Department of Biology and Biotechnologies "C. Darwin", Sapienza University of Rome, via A. Borelli 50, Rome 00161, Italy
Formerly with Veterinary Service of Local Health Agency, Biella 13900, Italy
Molecular Genetic Institute of Research National Council at I.O. Rizzoli, c/o Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli-via di Barbiano 1/10, Bologna 40136, Italy
Formerly with BAS-SIC (Environmental and Health Safety Lab.), ENEA-Casaccia, Rome 00123, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2013; in revised form: 10 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
Abstract: This work assesses the environmental impact from chemical emissions due to military tests and routine activities in the area occupied by the Italian Inter-force Test Range (PISQ), located at Salto di Quirra, Sardinia, Italy. After reviewing the military activities carried out at PISQ, such as rocket launching, blasting and armament destruction, projectile and mortar fire impact, the associated pollution is evaluated. Chemical analyses were performed by means of Scanning Electronic Microscopy and Energy Dispersion Spectrometry on biotic and abiotic matrices. Residues of Rb, Tl, W, Ti and Al were found in matrices collected in the PISQ areas and environs. A review of experimental data on air, water, soil, milk, forage and animal tissues obtained by various Public Agencies of Sardinia proved that toxic element residues often exceeded the legal limits. PM10 and PM2.5 air concentrations also exceeded the legal limits after military blasting. Cd and Pb contents in the liver and kidneys of sheep living in farms at PISQ and in control farms that were located more than 20 km away from PISQ were higher than the legal limits. This work was performed to investigate concentration of xenobiotics in ecosystems emitted from PISQ activities. This assessment could be useful to focus future epidemiological studies carried out in PISQ and its neighbouring areas.
Keywords: military areas; pollution; Sardinia; ecotoxicologal effects; epidemiological data
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MDPI and ACS Style
Cristaldi, M.; Foschi, C.; Szpunar, G.; Brini, C.; Marinelli, F.; Triolo, L. Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1631-1646.
Cristaldi M, Foschi C, Szpunar G, Brini C, Marinelli F, Triolo L. Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(4):1631-1646.
Cristaldi, Mauro; Foschi, Cristiano; Szpunar, Germana; Brini, Carlo; Marinelli, Fiorenzo; Triolo, Lucio. 2013. "Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 4: 1631-1646.