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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(4), 1631-1646; doi:10.3390/ijerph10041631
Article

Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy

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Received: 12 February 2013 / Revised: 10 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Geochemistry and Health)
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Abstract

This work assesses the environmental impact from chemical emissions due to military tests and routine activities in the area occupied by the Italian Inter-force Test Range (PISQ), located at Salto di Quirra, Sardinia, Italy. After reviewing the military activities carried out at PISQ, such as rocket launching, blasting and armament destruction, projectile and mortar fire impact, the associated pollution is evaluated. Chemical analyses were performed by means of Scanning Electronic Microscopy and Energy Dispersion Spectrometry on biotic and abiotic matrices. Residues of Rb, Tl, W, Ti and Al were found in matrices collected in the PISQ areas and environs. A review of experimental data on air, water, soil, milk, forage and animal tissues obtained by various Public Agencies of Sardinia proved that toxic element residues often exceeded the legal limits. PM10 and PM2.5 air concentrations also exceeded the legal limits after military blasting. Cd and Pb contents in the liver and kidneys of sheep living in farms at PISQ and in control farms that were located more than 20 km away from PISQ were higher than the legal limits. This work was performed to investigate concentration of xenobiotics in ecosystems emitted from PISQ activities. This assessment could be useful to focus future epidemiological studies carried out in PISQ and its neighbouring areas.
Keywords: military areas; pollution; Sardinia; ecotoxicologal effects; epidemiological data military areas; pollution; Sardinia; ecotoxicologal effects; epidemiological data
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Cristaldi, M.; Foschi, C.; Szpunar, G.; Brini, C.; Marinelli, F.; Triolo, L. Toxic Emissions from a Military Test Site in the Territory of Sardinia, Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1631-1646.

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