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Health Literacy in Rural Areas of China: Hypertension Knowledge Survey
Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N4Z6, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2012; in revised form: 8 March 2013 / Accepted: 11 March 2013 / Published: 18 March 2013
Abstract: We conducted this study to determine levels and correlates of hypertension knowledge among rural Chinese adults, and to assess the association between knowledge levels and salty food consumption among hypertensive and non-hypertensive populations. This face-to-face cross sectional survey included 665 hypertensive and 854 non-hypertensive respondents in the rural areas of Heilongjiang province, China. Hypertension knowledge was assessed through a 10-item test; respondents received 10 points for each correct answer. Among respondents, the average hypertension knowledge score was 26 out of a maximum of 100 points for hypertensive and 20 for non-hypertensive respondents. Hypertension knowledge was associated with marital status, education, health status, periodically reading books, newspapers or other materials, history of blood pressure measurement, and attending hypertension educational sessions. Hypertension knowledge is extremely low in rural areas of China. Hypertension education programs should focus on marginal populations, such as individuals who are not married or illiterate to enhance their knowledge levels. Focusing on educational and literacy levels in conjunction with health education is important given illiteracy is still a prominent issue for the Chinese rural population.
Keywords: hypertension; knowledge; rural Chinese adult; hypertension education program
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Li, X.; Ning, N.; Hao, Y.; Sun, H.; Gao, L.; Jiao, M.; Wu, Q.; Quan, H. Health Literacy in Rural Areas of China: Hypertension Knowledge Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1125-1138.
Li X, Ning N, Hao Y, Sun H, Gao L, Jiao M, Wu Q, Quan H. Health Literacy in Rural Areas of China: Hypertension Knowledge Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(3):1125-1138.
Li, Xia; Ning, Ning; Hao, Yanhua; Sun, Hong; Gao, Lijun; Jiao, Mingli; Wu, Qunhong; Quan, Hude. 2013. "Health Literacy in Rural Areas of China: Hypertension Knowledge Survey." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 3: 1125-1138.