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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6662-6671; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126662
Article

Associations of Job Stress Indicators with Oxidative Biomarkers in Japanese Men and Women

Received: 26 July 2013 / Revised: 14 November 2013 / Accepted: 16 November 2013 / Published: 2 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Job Stress and Health)
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Abstract

Some researchers have suggested that oxidative damage may be one of the mechanisms linking job stress with coronary heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between job stress indicators and oxidative biomarkers. The study included 567 subjects (272 men, 295 women) who answered questionnaires related to their work and underwent a medical examination. Job stress evaluated using the demands-control-support model was measured using the Job Content Questionnaire. Effort-reward imbalance was measured using the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire. Urinary hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured by the modified ferrous ion oxidation xylenol orange version-1 method and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. In men, the changes in the odds ratios for high urinary H2O2 associated with a 1-standard-deviation (SD) increase in worksite social support were 0.69 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53, 0.91) univariately and 0.68 (95%CI 0.51, 0.90) after adjustment for covariates. The change in the odds ratio for high urinary H2O2 associated with a 1-SD increase in effort-reward ratio was 1.35 (95% CI 1.03, 1.78) after adjustment for covariates. In women, there were no significant associations of the two job stress indicators with urinary H2O2 and 8-OHdG levels after adjustment for covariates (p > 0.05).
Keywords: biomarkers; demands-control-support model; effort-reward imbalance model; oxidative stress; occupational health; psychological stress; sex factors biomarkers; demands-control-support model; effort-reward imbalance model; oxidative stress; occupational health; psychological stress; sex factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Takaki, J. Associations of Job Stress Indicators with Oxidative Biomarkers in Japanese Men and Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6662-6671.

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