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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(11), 5998-6014; doi:10.3390/ijerph10115998
Article

Twelve-Months Follow-up of Supervised Exercise after Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty for Intermittent Claudication: A Randomised Clinical Trial

1,2,* , 3
, 1
, 2,3
, 2,4
, 2,5
, 5
 and 1
1 Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University, Pilestredet 46, 0130 Oslo, Norway 2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Klaus Torgårdsvei 3, 0372 Oslo, Norway 3 Section of Vascular Investigations, Oslo Vascular Centre, Oslo University Hospital Aker, Trondheimsveien 235, 0586 Oslo, Norway 4 Department of Vascular Surgery, Oslo Vascular Centre, Oslo University Hospital Aker, Trondheimsveien 235, 0586 Oslo, Norway 5 Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Aker, Trondheimsveien 235, 0586 Oslo, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2013 / Revised: 4 November 2013 / Accepted: 6 November 2013 / Published: 11 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care for Old People)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [523 KB, 19 June 2014; original version 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the effects during 12 months follow-up of 12 weeks of supervised exercise therapy (SET) after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) compared to PTA alone on physical function, limb hemodynamics and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with intermittent claudication. Fifty patients were randomised to an intervention or a control group. Both groups received usual post-operative care and follow-up measurements at three, six and 12 months after PTA. The intervention group performed 12 weeks of SET after PTA. The control group did not receive any additional follow-up regarding exercise. During the 12 months’ follow-up, the members of the intervention group had significantly better walking distance than the control group. The intervention group had a significantly higher HRQoL score in the physical component score of the SF-36, and the domains of physical function, bodily pain and vitality. For limb hemodynamics, there was a non-significant trend towards better results in the intervention group compared to the control group. Conclusion: SET after PTA yielded statistically significantly better results for walking distance and HRQoL in the intervention group than the control group during the 12 months of follow-up.
Keywords: exercise; PTA; intermittent claudication; follow-up; randomised clinical trial exercise; PTA; intermittent claudication; follow-up; randomised clinical trial
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bø, E.; Hisdal, J.; Cvancarova, M.; Stranden, E.; Jørgensen, J.J.; Sandbæk, G.; Grøtta, O.J.; Bergland, A. Twelve-Months Follow-up of Supervised Exercise after Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty for Intermittent Claudication: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 5998-6014.

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