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Benefits of Selected Physical Exercise Programs in Detention: A Randomized Controlled Study
Department of Health Sciences, Italian University of Sport and Movement of Rome "Foro Italico", Piazza Lauro De Bosis 15, Rome 00196, Italy
Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, V. De Sanctis 1, Campobasso 86100, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2013; in revised form: 9 October 2013 / Accepted: 22 October 2013 / Published: 31 October 2013
Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine which kind of physical activity could be useful to inmate populations to improve their health status and fitness levels. A repeated measure design was used to evaluate the effects of two different training protocols on subjects in a state of detention, tested pre- and post-experimental protocol.Seventy-five male subjects were enrolled in the studyand randomly allocated to three groups: the cardiovascular plus resistance training protocol group (CRT) (n = 25; mean age 30.9 ± 8.9 years),the high-intensity strength training protocol group (HIST) (n = 25; mean age 33.9 ± 6.8 years), and a control group (C) (n = 25; mean age 32.9 ± 8.9 years) receiving no treatment. All subjects underwent a clinical assessmentandfitness tests. MANOVA revealed significant multivariate effects on group (p < 0.01) and group-training interaction (p < 0.05). CRT protocol resulted the most effective protocol to reach the best outcome in fitness tests. Both CRT and HIST protocols produced significant gains in the functional capacity (cardio-respiratory capacity and cardiovascular disease risk decrease) of incarcerated males. The significant gains obtained in functional capacity reflect the great potential of supervised exercise interventions for improving the health status of incarcerated people.
Keywords: prison; aerobic and resistance training; cardiovascular disease; wellbeing
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Battaglia, C.; di Cagno, A.; Fiorilli, G.; Giombini, A.; Fagnani, F.; Borrione, P.; Marchetti, M.; Pigozzi, F. Benefits of Selected Physical Exercise Programs in Detention: A Randomized Controlled Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 5683-5696.
Battaglia C, di Cagno A, Fiorilli G, Giombini A, Fagnani F, Borrione P, Marchetti M, Pigozzi F. Benefits of Selected Physical Exercise Programs in Detention: A Randomized Controlled Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(11):5683-5696.
Battaglia, Claudia; di Cagno, Alessandra; Fiorilli, Giovanni; Giombini, Arrigo; Fagnani, Federica; Borrione, Paolo; Marchetti, Marco; Pigozzi, Fabio. 2013. "Benefits of Selected Physical Exercise Programs in Detention: A Randomized Controlled Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 11: 5683-5696.