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Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(2), 278-293; doi:10.3390/md9020278
Review

Carotenoids in Marine Animals

Received: 14 January 2011; in revised form: 16 February 2011 / Accepted: 21 February 2011 / Published: 22 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Carotenoids)
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Abstract: Marine animals contain various carotenoids that show structural diversity. These marine animals accumulate carotenoids from foods such as algae and other animals and modify them through metabolic reactions. Many of the carotenoids present in marine animals are metabolites of β-carotene, fucoxanthin, peridinin, diatoxanthin, alloxanthin, and astaxanthin, etc. Carotenoids found in these animals provide the food chain as well as metabolic pathways. In the present review, I will describe marine animal carotenoids from natural product chemistry, metabolism, food chain, and chemosystematic viewpoints, and also describe new structural carotenoids isolated from marine animals over the last decade.
Keywords: carotenoids; marine animals; metabolism; food chain; chemosystematic carotenoids; marine animals; metabolism; food chain; chemosystematic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maoka, T. Carotenoids in Marine Animals. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 278-293.

AMA Style

Maoka T. Carotenoids in Marine Animals. Marine Drugs. 2011; 9(2):278-293.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maoka, Takashi. 2011. "Carotenoids in Marine Animals." Mar. Drugs 9, no. 2: 278-293.


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