Next Article in Journal
Cloning and Characterization of Glutamate Receptors in Californian Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Three Chitin Metal Silicate Co-Precipitates as a Potential Multifunctional Single Excipient in Tablet Formulations
Previous Article in Journal
Biological Activities of Aqueous and Organic Extracts from Tropical Marine Sponges
Previous Article in Special Issue
Chitin and Chitosan as Multipurpose Natural Polymers for Groundwater Arsenic Removal and As2O3 Delivery in Tumor Therapy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(5), 1567-1636; doi:10.3390/md8051567

Application of Spectroscopic Methods for Structural Analysis of Chitin and Chitosan

1
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Sobieskiego 18/19, PL-80-952 Gdansk, Poland
2
UFT-Centre for Environmental Research and Sustainable Technology, University of Bremen, Leobener Straße UFT, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2010 / Revised: 30 March 2010 / Accepted: 27 April 2010 / Published: 29 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Chitin and Chitosan)

Abstract

Chitin, the second most important natural polymer in the world, and its N-deacetylated derivative chitosan, have been identified as versatile biopolymers for a broad range of applications in medicine, agriculture and the food industry. Two of the main reasons for this are firstly the unique chemical, physicochemical and biological properties of chitin and chitosan, and secondly the unlimited supply of raw materials for their production. These polymers exhibit widely differing physicochemical properties depending on the chitin source and the conditions of chitosan production. The presence of reactive functional groups as well as the polysaccharide nature of these biopolymers enables them to undergo diverse chemical modifications. A complete chemical and physicochemical characterization of chitin, chitosan and their derivatives is not possible without using spectroscopic techniques. This review focuses on the application of spectroscopic methods for the structural analysis of these compounds.
Keywords: chitin; chitosan; chemical modification; physicochemical parameters; structural analysis using spectroscopic techniques chitin; chitosan; chemical modification; physicochemical parameters; structural analysis using spectroscopic techniques
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kumirska, J.; Czerwicka, M.; Kaczyński, Z.; Bychowska, A.; Brzozowski, K.; Thöming, J.; Stepnowski, P. Application of Spectroscopic Methods for Structural Analysis of Chitin and Chitosan. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 1567-1636.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top