Bioactive Chaetoglobosins from the Mangrove Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum
AbstractA novel chaetoglobosin named penochalasin I (1) with a unprecedented six-cyclic 6/5/6/5/6/13 fused ring system, and another new chaetoglobosin named penochalasin J (2), along with chaetoglobosins G, F, C, A, E, armochaetoglobosin I, and cytoglobosin C (3–9) were isolated from the culture of Penicillium chrysogenum V11. Their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis and high resolution mass spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of compounds 1 and 2 were determined by comparing the theoretical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation with the experimental CD. Compound 1 was the first example, with a six-cyclic fused ring system formed by the connection of C-5 and C-2′ of the chaetoglobosin class. Compounds 5–8 remarkably inhibited the plant pathogenic fungus R. solani (minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) = 11.79–23.66 μM), and compounds 2, 6, and 7 greatly inhibited C. gloeosporioides (MICs = 23.58–47.35 μM), showing an antifungal activity higher than that of carbendazim. Compound 1 exhibited marked cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-435 and SGC-7901 cells (IC50 < 10 μM), and compounds 6 and 9 showed potent cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 and A549 cells (IC50 < 10 μM). View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Huang, S.; Chen, H.; Li, W.; Zhu, X.; Ding, W.; Li, C. Bioactive Chaetoglobosins from the Mangrove Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 172.
Huang S, Chen H, Li W, Zhu X, Ding W, Li C. Bioactive Chaetoglobosins from the Mangrove Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum. Marine Drugs. 2016; 14(10):172.Chicago/Turabian Style
Huang, Song; Chen, Haiyan; Li, Wensheng; Zhu, Xinwei; Ding, Weijia; Li, Chunyuan. 2016. "Bioactive Chaetoglobosins from the Mangrove Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum." Mar. Drugs 14, no. 10: 172.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.