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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(10), 171; doi:10.3390/md14100171

Marine Microbiological Enzymes: Studies with Multiple Strategies and Prospects

College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Se-Kwon Kim
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 4 September 2016 / Accepted: 14 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Proteins and Peptides)
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Abstract

Marine microorganisms produce a series of promising enzymes that have been widely used or are potentially valuable for our daily life. Both classic and newly developed biochemistry technologies have been broadly used to study marine and terrestrial microbiological enzymes. In this brief review, we provide a research update and prospects regarding regulatory mechanisms and related strategies of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) lactonase, which is an important but largely unexplored enzyme. We also detail the status and catalytic mechanism of the main types of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes that broadly exist among marine microorganisms but have been poorly explored. In order to facilitate understanding, the regulatory and synthetic biology strategies of terrestrial microorganisms are also mentioned in comparison. We anticipate that this review will provide an outline of multiple strategies for promising marine microbial enzymes and open new avenues for the exploration, engineering and application of various enzymes. View Full-Text
Keywords: AHL lactonase; polysaccharide-degrading enzymes; marine microorganism AHL lactonase; polysaccharide-degrading enzymes; marine microorganism
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Wang, Y.; Song, Q.; Zhang, X.-H. Marine Microbiological Enzymes: Studies with Multiple Strategies and Prospects. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 171.

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