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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(9), 5882-5900; doi:10.3390/md13095882

Polysaccharide Constituents of Three Types of Sea Urchin Shells and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activities

1,†
,
2,3,†
,
2,3
,
2,3
,
2,4
,
3,* and 2,4,*
1
Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
2
Marine Biopharmaceutical Institute, Second Military Medical University, No. 800, Xiangyin Rd., Shanghai 200433, China
3
School of Life Science and Technology, China Pharmaceutical University, No. 24 Tongjiaxiang, Nanjing 210009, China
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peer B. Jacobson
Received: 29 June 2015 / Revised: 2 September 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1392 KB, uploaded 16 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

As a source of potent anti-inflammatory traditional medicines, the quantitative chromatographic fingerprints of sea urchin shell polysaccharides were well established via pre-column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Based on the quantitative results, the content of fucose and glucose could be used as preliminary distinguishing indicators among three sea urchin shell species. Besides, the anti-inflammatory activities of the polysaccharides from sea urchin shells and their gonads were also determined. The gonad polysaccharide of Anthocidaris crassispina showed the most potent anti-inflammatory activity among all samples tested. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea urchin; polysaccharide; quantitative determination; high performance liquid chromatography; anti-inflammatory sea urchin; polysaccharide; quantitative determination; high performance liquid chromatography; anti-inflammatory
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiao, H.; Shang, X.; Dong, Q.; Wang, S.; Liu, X.; Zheng, H.; Lu, X. Polysaccharide Constituents of Three Types of Sea Urchin Shells and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activities. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 5882-5900.

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