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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(7), 4231-4254; doi:10.3390/md13074231

Advances in Microalgae-Derived Phytosterols for Functional Food and Pharmaceutical Applications

1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Flinders Centre for Marine Bioproducts Development, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia
2
Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gilles Barnathan
Received: 8 June 2015 / Revised: 29 June 2015 / Accepted: 29 June 2015 / Published: 9 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Lipids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [348 KB, uploaded 10 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Microalgae contain a variety of bioactive lipids with potential applications in aquaculture feed, biofuel, food and pharmaceutical industries. While microalgae-derived polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and their roles in promoting human health have been extensively studied, other lipid types from this resource, such as phytosterols, have been poorly explored. Phytosterols have been used as additives in many food products such as spread, dairy products and salad dressing. This review focuses on the recent advances in microalgae-derived phytosterols with functional bioactivities and their potential applications in functional food and pharmaceutical industries. It highlights the importance of microalgae-derived lipids other than PUFA for the development of an advanced microalgae industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; lipids; phytosterols; functional food; pharmaceuticals microalgae; lipids; phytosterols; functional food; pharmaceuticals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Luo, X.; Su, P.; Zhang, W. Advances in Microalgae-Derived Phytosterols for Functional Food and Pharmaceutical Applications. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 4231-4254.

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