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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(6), 3849-3876; doi:10.3390/md13063849

Characterization of Shrimp Oil from Pandalus borealis by High Performance Liquid Chromatography and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry

1
Coastal Zones Research Institute Inc., 232B, avenue de l'Église, Shippagan, NB E8S 1J2, Canada
2
Natural Health Products Program, Aquatic and Crop Resource Development, National Research Council Canada, 1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 3Z1, Canada
3
Université de Moncton, Campus de Shippagan, 218, boulevard J.-D.-Gauthier, Shippagan, NB E8S 1P6, Canada
4
Novaceutics Consulting, 6501 Oak St., Halifax, NS B3L 1H5, Canada
Current address: Department of Biochemistry
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Colin Barrow
Received: 30 April 2015 / Revised: 2 June 2015 / Accepted: 2 June 2015 / Published: 18 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Functional Food)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1752 KB, uploaded 18 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) oil, which is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, was recovered from the cooking water of shrimp processing facilities. The oil contains significant amounts of omega-3 fatty acids in triglyceride form, along with substantial long-chain monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs). It also features natural isomeric forms of astaxanthin, a nutritional carotenoid, which gives the oil a brilliant red color. As part of our efforts in developing value added products from waste streams of the seafood processing industry, we present in this paper a comprehensive characterization of the triacylglycerols (TAGs) and astaxanthin esters that predominate in the shrimp oil by using HPLC-HRMS and MS/MS, as well as 13C-NMR. This approach, in combination with FAME analysis, offers direct characterization of fatty acid molecules in their intact forms, including the distribution of regioisomers in TAGs. The information is important for the standardization and quality control, as well as for differentiation of composition features of shrimp oil, which could be sold as an ingredient in health supplements and functional foods. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pandalus borealis; shrimp oil; fatty acid profile; triacylglycerols; astaxanthin fatty acids esters; LC-HRMS and MS/MS; 13C-NMR Pandalus borealis; shrimp oil; fatty acid profile; triacylglycerols; astaxanthin fatty acids esters; LC-HRMS and MS/MS; 13C-NMR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiao, G.; Hui, J.P.M.; Burton, I.W.; Thibault, M.-H.; Pelletier, C.; Boudreau, J.; Tchoukanova, N.; Subramanian, B.; Djaoued, Y.; Ewart, S.; Gagnon, J.; Ewart, K.V.; Zhang, J. Characterization of Shrimp Oil from Pandalus borealis by High Performance Liquid Chromatography and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 3849-3876.

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