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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(5), 2813-2833; doi:10.3390/md13052813

Tilapia Piscidin 4 (TP4) Stimulates Cell Proliferation and Wound Closure in MRSA-Infected Wounds in Mice

1
Marine Research Station, Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, 23-10 Dahuen Road, Jiaushi, Ilan 262, Taiwan
2
Department of Life Science, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan
3
Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peer Jacobson
Received: 9 March 2015 / Revised: 16 April 2015 / Accepted: 21 April 2015 / Published: 6 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1277 KB, uploaded 6 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are endogenous antibiotics that directly affect microorganisms, and also have a variety of receptor-mediated functions. One such AMP, Tilapia piscidin 4 (TP4), was isolated from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus); TP4 has antibacterial effects and regulates the innate immune system. The aim of the present study was to characterize the role of TP4 in the regulation of wound closure in mice and proliferation of a keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) and fibroblast cell line (Hs-68). In vitro, TP4 stimulated cell proliferation and activated collagen I, collagen III, and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) gene expression in Hs-68 cells, which induces keratin production by HaCaT cells. This effect was detectable at TP4 concentrations of 6.25 µg/mL in both cell lines. In vivo, TP4 was found to be highly effective at combating peritonitis and wound infection caused by MRSA in mouse models, without inducing adverse behavioral effects or liver or kidney toxicity. Taken together, our results indicate that TP4 enhances the survival rate of mice infected with the bacterial pathogen MRSA through both antimicrobial and wound closure activities mediated by epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor (TGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The peptide is likely involved in antibacterial processes and regulation of tissue homeostasis in infected wounds in mice. Overall, these results suggest that TP4 may be suitable for development as a novel topical agent for wound dressing. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial peptides; tilapia piscidin 4; wound healing; Staphylococcus aureus antimicrobial peptides; tilapia piscidin 4; wound healing; Staphylococcus aureus
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, H.-N.; Chan, Y.-L.; Wu, C.-J.; Chen, J.-Y. Tilapia Piscidin 4 (TP4) Stimulates Cell Proliferation and Wound Closure in MRSA-Infected Wounds in Mice. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 2813-2833.

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