Abstract: The ethanol extract of Pseudoalteromonas strain J010, isolated from the surface of the crustose coralline alga Neogoniolithon fosliei, yielded thirteen natural products. These included a new bromopyrrole, 4′-((3,4,5-tribromo-1H-pyrrol-2-yl) methyl)phenol (1) and five new korormicins G–K (2–6). Also isolated was the known inducer of coral larval metamorphosis, tetrabromopyrrole (TBP), five known korormicins (A–E, previously named 1, 1a–c and 3) and bromoalterochromide A (BAC-A). Structures of the new compounds were elucidated through interpretation of spectra obtained after extensive NMR and MS investigations and comparison with literature values. The antibacterial, antifungal and antiprotozoal potential of 1–6, TBP and BAC-A was assessed. Compounds 1–6 showed antibacterial activity while BAC-A exhibited antiprotozoal properties against Tetrahymena pyriformis. TBP was found to have broad-spectrum activity against all bacteria, the protozoan and the fungus Candida albicans.
Keywords: Pseudoalteromonas; korormicin; bromopyrrole; bromoalterochromide; antibacterial; antifungal; antiprotozoal
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Tebben, J.; Motti, C.; Tapiolas, D.; Thomas-Hall, P.; Harder, T. A Coralline Algal-Associated Bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas Strain J010, Yields Five New Korormicins and a Bromopyrrole. Mar. Drugs 2014, 12, 2802-2815.
Tebben J, Motti C, Tapiolas D, Thomas-Hall P, Harder T. A Coralline Algal-Associated Bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas Strain J010, Yields Five New Korormicins and a Bromopyrrole. Marine Drugs. 2014; 12(5):2802-2815.
Tebben, Jan; Motti, Cherie; Tapiolas, Dianne; Thomas-Hall, Peter; Harder, Tilmann. 2014. "A Coralline Algal-Associated Bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas Strain J010, Yields Five New Korormicins and a Bromopyrrole." Mar. Drugs 12, no. 5: 2802-2815.