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Mar. Drugs 2014, 12(3), 1641-1675; doi:10.3390/md12031641
Review

The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae

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Received: 7 November 2013; in revised form: 31 January 2014 / Accepted: 12 February 2014 / Published: 24 March 2014
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Abstract: In this review, we aim to explore the potential of microalgal biodiversity and ecology for biotechnological use. A deeper exploration of the biodiversity richness and ecophysiological properties of microalgae is crucial for enhancing their use for applicative purposes. After describing the actual biotechnological use of microalgae, we consider the multiple faces of taxonomical, morphological, functional and ecophysiological biodiversity of these organisms, and investigate how these properties could better serve the biotechnological field. Lastly, we propose new approaches to enhancing microalgal growth, photosynthesis, and synthesis of valuable products used in biotechnological fields, mainly focusing on culture conditions, especially light manipulations and genetic modifications.
Keywords: biotechnology; biomass; diatoms; phytoplankton; ecophysiology; biodiversity; functional diversity; cultures; light biotechnology; biomass; diatoms; phytoplankton; ecophysiology; biodiversity; functional diversity; cultures; light
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barra, L.; Chandrasekaran, R.; Corato, F.; Brunet, C. The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae. Mar. Drugs 2014, 12, 1641-1675.

AMA Style

Barra L, Chandrasekaran R, Corato F, Brunet C. The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae. Marine Drugs. 2014; 12(3):1641-1675.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barra, Lucia; Chandrasekaran, Raghu; Corato, Federico; Brunet, Christophe. 2014. "The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae." Mar. Drugs 12, no. 3: 1641-1675.



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