Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(4), 1409-1426; doi:10.3390/md11041409
Article

PTP1B Inhibitory and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Secondary Metabolites Isolated from the Marine-Derived Fungus Penicillium sp. JF-55

1,†email, 2,†email, 3,4email, 3,4email, 5email, 5email, 2email, 1,3,4,* email and 1,3,4,* email
Received: 24 January 2013; in revised form: 11 March 2013 / Accepted: 3 April 2013 / Published: 23 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds from Marine Fungi)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) plays a major role in the negative regulation of insulin signaling, and is thus considered as an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetes. Bioassay-guided investigation of the methylethylketone extract of marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. JF-55 cultures afforded a new PTP1B inhibitory styrylpyrone-type metabolite named penstyrylpyrone (1), and two known metabolites, anhydrofulvic acid (2) and citromycetin (3). Compounds 1 and 2 inhibited PTP1B activity in a dose-dependent manner, and kinetic analyses of PTP1B inhibition suggested that these compounds inhibited PTP1B activity in a competitive manner. In an effort to gain more biological potential of the isolated compounds, the anti-inflammatory effects of compounds 13 were also evaluated. Among the tested compounds, only compound 1 inhibited the production of NO and PGE2, due to the inhibition of the expression of iNOS and COX-2. Penstyrylpyrone (1) also reduced TNF-α and IL-1β production, and these anti-inflammatory effects were shown to be correlated with the suppression of the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, NF-κB nuclear translocation, and NF-κB DNA binding activity. In addition, using inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an inhibitor of HO-1, it was verified that the inhibitory effects of penstyrylpyrone (1) on the pro-inflammatory mediators and NF-κB DNA binding activity were associated with the HO-1 expression. Therefore, these results suggest that penstyrylpyrone (1) suppresses PTP1B activity, as well as the production of pro-inflammatory mediators via NF-κB pathway, through expression of anti-inflammatory HO-1.
Keywords: Penicillium sp.; marine-derived fungi; PTP1B inhibitors; anti-inflammatory effect; heme oxygenase-1
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, D.-S.; Jang, J.-H.; Ko, W.; Kim, K.-S.; Sohn, J.H.; Kang, M.-S.; Ahn, J.S.; Kim, Y.-C.; Oh, H. PTP1B Inhibitory and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Secondary Metabolites Isolated from the Marine-Derived Fungus Penicillium sp. JF-55. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 1409-1426.

AMA Style

Lee D-S, Jang J-H, Ko W, Kim K-S, Sohn JH, Kang M-S, Ahn JS, Kim Y-C, Oh H. PTP1B Inhibitory and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Secondary Metabolites Isolated from the Marine-Derived Fungus Penicillium sp. JF-55. Marine Drugs. 2013; 11(4):1409-1426.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Dong-Sung; Jang, Jae-Hyuk; Ko, Wonmin; Kim, Kyoung-Su; Sohn, Jae H.; Kang, Myeong-Suk; Ahn, Jong S.; Kim, Youn-Chul; Oh, Hyuncheol. 2013. "PTP1B Inhibitory and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Secondary Metabolites Isolated from the Marine-Derived Fungus Penicillium sp. JF-55." Mar. Drugs 11, no. 4: 1409-1426.

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