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Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(1), 233-252; doi:10.3390/md11010233

Bioactivity and Applications of Sulphated Polysaccharides from Marine Microalgae

CBQF—Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Centro Regional do Porto da Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
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Received: 1 November 2012 / Revised: 26 December 2012 / Accepted: 14 January 2013 / Published: 23 January 2013
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Abstract

Marine microalgae have been used for a long time as food for humans, such as Arthrospira (formerly, Spirulina), and for animals in aquaculture. The biomass of these microalgae and the compounds they produce have been shown to possess several biological applications with numerous health benefits. The present review puts up-to-date the research on the biological activities and applications of polysaccharides, active biocompounds synthesized by marine unicellular algae, which are, most of the times, released into the surrounding medium (exo- or extracellular polysaccharides, EPS). It goes through the most studied activities of sulphated polysaccharides (sPS) or their derivatives, but also highlights lesser known applications as hypolipidaemic or hypoglycaemic, or as biolubricant agents and drag-reducers. Therefore, the great potentials of sPS from marine microalgae to be used as nutraceuticals, therapeutic agents, cosmetics, or in other areas, such as engineering, are approached in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: EPS; sPS; sulphated (exo)polysaccharides; marine microalgae EPS; sPS; sulphated (exo)polysaccharides; marine microalgae
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Raposo, M.F.J.; de Morais, R.M.S.C.; Bernardo de Morais, A.M.M. Bioactivity and Applications of Sulphated Polysaccharides from Marine Microalgae. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 233-252.

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