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Pharmaceuticals 2015, 8(4), 816-835; doi:10.3390/ph8040816

Control of Biofilms with the Fatty Acid Signaling Molecule cis-2-Decenoic Acid

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
2
Binghamton Biofilm Research Center (BBRC), Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dacheng Ren
Received: 8 October 2015 / Revised: 11 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 November 2015 / Published: 25 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Biofilms)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1275 KB, uploaded 25 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Biofilms are complex communities of microorganisms in organized structures attached to surfaces. Importantly, biofilms are a major cause of bacterial infections in humans, and remain one of the most significant challenges to modern medical practice. Unfortunately, conventional therapies have shown to be inadequate in the treatment of most chronic biofilm infections based on the extraordinary innate tolerance of biofilms to antibiotics. Antagonists of quorum sensing signaling molecules have been used as means to control biofilms. QS and other cell-cell communication molecules are able to revert biofilm tolerance, prevent biofilm formation and disrupt fully developed biofilms, albeit with restricted effectiveness. Recently however, it has been demonstrated that Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces a small messenger molecule cis-2-decenoic acid (cis-DA) that shows significant promise as an effective adjunctive to antimicrobial treatment of biofilms. This molecule is responsible for induction of the native biofilm dispersion response in a range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and in yeast, and has been shown to reverse persistence, increase microbial metabolic activity and significantly enhance the cidal effects of conventional antimicrobial agents. In this manuscript, the use of cis-2-decenoic acid as a novel agent for biofilm control is discussed. Stimulating the biofilm dispersion response as a novel antimicrobial strategy holds significant promise for enhanced treatment of infections and in the prevention of biofilm formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofilms; biofilm dispersion; persister cells; signaling molecules; bacterial physiology; cis-2-decenoic acid biofilms; biofilm dispersion; persister cells; signaling molecules; bacterial physiology; cis-2-decenoic acid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Marques, C.N.H.; Davies, D.G.; Sauer, K. Control of Biofilms with the Fatty Acid Signaling Molecule cis-2-Decenoic Acid. Pharmaceuticals 2015, 8, 816-835.

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