Abstract: The high rate of recidivism in cocaine addiction after prolonged periods of abstinence poses a significant problem for the effective treatment of this condition. Moreover, the neurobiological basis of this relapse phenomenon remains poorly understood. In this review, we will discuss the evidence currently available regarding the neurobiological changes during the extinction of cocaine self-administration. Specifically, we will focus on alterations in the dopaminergic, opioidergic, glutamatergic, cholinergic, serotoninergic and CRF systems described in self-administration experiments and extinction studies after chronic cocaine administration. We will also discuss the differences related to contingent versus non-contingent cocaine administration, which highlights the importance of environmental cues on drug effects and extinction. The findings discussed in this review may aid the development of more effective therapeutic approaches to treat cocaine relapse.
Keywords: cocaine self-administration; extinction; neuroadaptive changes
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Higuera-Matas, A.; Miguens, M.; Olmo, N.; García-Lecumberri, C.; Ambrosio, E. Neural Changes Developed during the Extinction of Cocaine Self-Administration Behavior. Pharmaceuticals 2011, 4, 1315-1327.
Higuera-Matas A, Miguens M, Olmo N, García-Lecumberri C, Ambrosio E. Neural Changes Developed during the Extinction of Cocaine Self-Administration Behavior. Pharmaceuticals. 2011; 4(10):1315-1327.
Higuera-Matas, Alejandro; Miguens, Miguel; Olmo, Nuria del; García-Lecumberri, Carmen; Ambrosio, Emilio. 2011. "Neural Changes Developed during the Extinction of Cocaine Self-Administration Behavior." Pharmaceuticals 4, no. 10: 1315-1327.