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Sensors 2009, 9(8), 5878-5893; doi:10.3390/s90805878
Article

Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission

* ,
,
,
 and
University of Corsica/UMR CNRS SPE, Quartier Grossetti 20250 Corte, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2009 / Revised: 20 July 2009 / Accepted: 22 July 2009 / Published: 24 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

The paper deals with a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) as a reliable solution for capturing the kinematics of a fire front spreading over a fuel bed. To provide reliable information in fire studies and support fire fighting strategies, a Wireless Sensor Network must be able to perform three sequential actions: 1) sensing thermal data in the open as the gas temperature; 2) detecting a fire i.e., the spatial position of a flame; 3) tracking the fire spread during its spatial and temporal evolution. One of the great challenges in performing fire front tracking with a WSN is to avoid the destruction of motes by the fire. This paper therefore shows the performance of Wireless Sensor Network when the motes are protected with a thermal insulation dedicated to track a fire spreading across vegetative fuels on a field scale. The resulting experimental WSN is then used in series of wildfire experiments performed in the open in vegetation areas ranging in size from 50 to 1,000 m².
Keywords: wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Antoine-Santoni, T.; Santucci, J.-F.; De Gentili, E.; Silvani, X.; Morandini, F. Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission. Sensors 2009, 9, 5878-5893.

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