Abstract: The paper deals with a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) as a reliable solution for capturing the kinematics of a fire front spreading over a fuel bed. To provide reliable information in fire studies and support fire fighting strategies, a Wireless Sensor Network must be able to perform three sequential actions: 1) sensing thermal data in the open as the gas temperature; 2) detecting a fire i.e., the spatial position of a flame; 3) tracking the fire spread during its spatial and temporal evolution. One of the great challenges in performing fire front tracking with a WSN is to avoid the destruction of motes by the fire. This paper therefore shows the performance of Wireless Sensor Network when the motes are protected with a thermal insulation dedicated to track a fire spreading across vegetative fuels on a field scale. The resulting experimental WSN is then used in series of wildfire experiments performed in the open in vegetation areas ranging in size from 50 to 1,000 m².
Keywords: wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread
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Antoine-Santoni, T.; Santucci, J.-F.; De Gentili, E.; Silvani, X.; Morandini, F. Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission. Sensors 2009, 9, 5878-5893.
Antoine-Santoni T, Santucci J-F, De Gentili E, Silvani X, Morandini F. Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission. Sensors. 2009; 9(8):5878-5893.
Antoine-Santoni, Thierry; Santucci, Jean-François; De Gentili, Emmanuelle; Silvani, Xavier; Morandini, Frederic. 2009. "Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission." Sensors 9, no. 8: 5878-5893.