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Sensors 2009, 9(8), 5878-5893; doi:10.3390/s90805878
Article

Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission

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Received: 3 July 2009; in revised form: 20 July 2009 / Accepted: 22 July 2009 / Published: 24 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The paper deals with a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) as a reliable solution for capturing the kinematics of a fire front spreading over a fuel bed. To provide reliable information in fire studies and support fire fighting strategies, a Wireless Sensor Network must be able to perform three sequential actions: 1) sensing thermal data in the open as the gas temperature; 2) detecting a fire i.e., the spatial position of a flame; 3) tracking the fire spread during its spatial and temporal evolution. One of the great challenges in performing fire front tracking with a WSN is to avoid the destruction of motes by the fire. This paper therefore shows the performance of Wireless Sensor Network when the motes are protected with a thermal insulation dedicated to track a fire spreading across vegetative fuels on a field scale. The resulting experimental WSN is then used in series of wildfire experiments performed in the open in vegetation areas ranging in size from 50 to 1,000 m².
Keywords: wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Antoine-Santoni, T.; Santucci, J.-F.; De Gentili, E.; Silvani, X.; Morandini, F. Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission. Sensors 2009, 9, 5878-5893.

AMA Style

Antoine-Santoni T, Santucci J-F, De Gentili E, Silvani X, Morandini F. Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission. Sensors. 2009; 9(8):5878-5893.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antoine-Santoni, Thierry; Santucci, Jean-François; De Gentili, Emmanuelle; Silvani, Xavier; Morandini, Frederic. 2009. "Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data Transmission." Sensors 9, no. 8: 5878-5893.



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