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Sensors 2009, 9(7), 5308-5323; doi:10.3390/s90705308

Development of Rapid Detection and Genetic Characterization of Salmonella in Poultry Breeder Feeds

1 Dept. of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72704, USA 2 Research and Development, Cobb-Vantress Incorporated, P.O. BOX 1030, Siloam Springs, AR 72761, USA 3 Dept. of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72704, USA 4 Food Science and Technology Program, Arkansas State University, State University, AR 72467, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2009 / Revised: 21 June 2009 / Accepted: 25 June 2009 / Published: 6 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathogen Sensors)
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Salmonella is a leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States, with poultry and poultry products being a primary source of infection to humans. Poultry may carry some Salmonella serovars without any signs or symptoms of disease and without causing any adverse effects to the health of the bird. Salmonella may be introduced to a flock by multiple environmental sources, but poultry feed is suspected to be a leading source. Detecting Salmonella in feed can be challenging because low levels of the bacteria may not be recovered using traditional culturing techniques. Numerous detection methodologies have been examined over the years for quantifying Salmonella in feeds and many have proven to be effective for Salmonella isolation and detection in a variety of feeds. However, given the potential need for increased detection sensitivity, molecular detection technologies may the best candidate for developing rapid sensitive methods for identifying small numbers of Salmonella in the background of large volumes of feed. Several studies have been done using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays and commercial kits to detect Salmonella spp. in a wide variety of feed sources. In addition, DNA array technology has recently been utilized to track the dissemination of a specific Salmonella serotype in feed mills. This review will discuss the processing of feeds and potential points in the process that may introduce Salmonella contamination to the feed. Detection methods currently used and the need for advances in these methods also will be discussed. Finally, implementation of rapid detection for optimizing control methods to prevent and remove any Salmonella contamination of feeds will be considered.
Keywords: Salmonella; poultry; breeder; feed; biosensors; detection Salmonella; poultry; breeder; feed; biosensors; detection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Jarquin, R.; Hanning, I.; Ahn, S.; Ricke, S.C. Development of Rapid Detection and Genetic Characterization of Salmonella in Poultry Breeder Feeds. Sensors 2009, 9, 5308-5323.

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