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Sensors 2009, 9(5), 3586-3603; doi:10.3390/s90503586
Article

Monitoring Animal Behaviour and Environmental Interactions Using Wireless Sensor Networks, GPS Collars and Satellite Remote Sensing

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Received: 9 April 2009 / Revised: 4 May 2009 / Accepted: 13 May 2009 / Published: 13 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Sensor Technologies and Applications)
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Abstract

Remote monitoring of animal behaviour in the environment can assist in managing both the animal and its environmental impact. GPS collars which record animal locations with high temporal frequency allow researchers to monitor both animal behaviour and interactions with the environment. These ground-based sensors can be combined with remotely-sensed satellite images to understand animal-landscape interactions. The key to combining these technologies is communication methods such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs). We explore this concept using a case-study from an extensive cattle enterprise in northern Australia and demonstrate the potential for combining GPS collars and satellite images in a WSN to monitor behavioural preferences and social behaviour of cattle.
Keywords: animal-landscape interactions; cattle; social behaviour; high fix-rate GPS; telemetry data; extensive cattle system animal-landscape interactions; cattle; social behaviour; high fix-rate GPS; telemetry data; extensive cattle system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Handcock, R.N.; Swain, D.L.; Bishop-Hurley, G.J.; Patison, K.P.; Wark, T.; Valencia, P.; Corke, P.; O’Neill, C.J. Monitoring Animal Behaviour and Environmental Interactions Using Wireless Sensor Networks, GPS Collars and Satellite Remote Sensing. Sensors 2009, 9, 3586-3603.

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