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Non-Contact Detection of Breathing Using a Microwave Sensor
Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, University of Florence, Via Santa Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy
Department of Medical and Surgical Critical Area, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni 85, 50134 Firenze, Italy
Unit of Respiratory Physiopathology, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni 85, 50134 Firenze, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 March 2009; in revised form: 7 April 2009 / Accepted: 14 April 2009 / Published: 14 April 2009
Abstract: In this paper the use of a continuous-wave microwave sensor as a non-contact tool for quantitative measurement of respiratory tidal volume has been evaluated by experimentation in seventeen healthy volunteers. The sensor working principle is reported and several causes that can affect its response are analyzed. A suitable data processing has been devised able to reject the majority of breath measurements taken under non suitable conditions. Furthermore, a relationship between microwave sensor measurements and volume inspired and expired at quiet breathing (tidal volume) has been found.
Keywords: Microwave sensor; respiratory movement; vital signs; tidal volume
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MDPI and ACS Style
Dei, D.; Grazzini, G.; Luzi, G.; Pieraccini, M.; Atzeni, C.; Boncinelli, S.; Camiciottoli, G.; Castellani, W.; Marsili, M.; Lo Dico, J. Non-Contact Detection of Breathing Using a Microwave Sensor. Sensors 2009, 9, 2574-2585.
Dei D, Grazzini G, Luzi G, Pieraccini M, Atzeni C, Boncinelli S, Camiciottoli G, Castellani W, Marsili M, Lo Dico J. Non-Contact Detection of Breathing Using a Microwave Sensor. Sensors. 2009; 9(4):2574-2585.
Dei, Devis; Grazzini, Gilberto; Luzi, Guido; Pieraccini, Massimiliano; Atzeni, Carlo; Boncinelli, Sergio; Camiciottoli, Gianna; Castellani, Walter; Marsili, Massimo; Lo Dico, Juri. 2009. "Non-Contact Detection of Breathing Using a Microwave Sensor." Sensors 9, no. 4: 2574-2585.