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Electrochemical Sensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes
Department of Advanced Technology Fusion, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea
Department of Applied Chemistry, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701, Korea
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2009; in revised form: 17 March 2009 / Accepted: 30 March 2009 / Published: 30 March 2009
Abstract: This review focuses on recent contributions in the development of the electrochemical sensors based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs have unique mechanical and electronic properties, combined with chemical stability, and behave electrically as a metal or semiconductor, depending on their structure. For sensing applications, CNTs have many advantages such as small size with larger surface area, excellent electron transfer promoting ability when used as electrodes modifier in electrochemical reactions, and easy protein immobilization with retention of its activity for potential biosensors. CNTs play an important role in the performance of electrochemical biosensors, immunosensors, and DNA biosensors. Various methods have been developed for the design of sensors using CNTs in recent years. Herein we summarize the applications of CNTs in the construction of electrochemical sensors and biosensors along with other nanomaterials and conducting polymers.
Keywords: Carbon Nanotubes; Modified Electrodes; Electrochemical Sensors; Biosensors; Immunosensors; DNA sensors
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ahammad, A.J.S.; Lee, J.-J.; Rahman, M.A. Electrochemical Sensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes. Sensors 2009, 9, 2289-2319.
Ahammad AJS, Lee J-J, Rahman MA. Electrochemical Sensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes. Sensors. 2009; 9(4):2289-2319.
Ahammad, A. J. Saleh; Lee, Jae-Joon; Rahman, Md. Aminur. 2009. "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes." Sensors 9, no. 4: 2289-2319.