Sensors 2009, 9(2), 1108-1127; doi:10.3390/s90201108
Article

3D Digital Surveying and Modelling of Cave Geometry: Application to Paleolithic Rock Art

1 Cartographic and Land Engineering Department. University of Salamanca, Hornos Caleros, 50, 05003 Avila, Spain 2 Geology Department. Faculty of Sciences. University of Salamanca, Plaza de los Caidos s/n, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2008; in revised form: 18 February 2009 / Accepted: 20 February 2009 / Published: 20 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract: 3D digital surveying and modelling of cave geometry represents a relevant approach for research, management and preservation of our cultural and geological legacy. In this paper, a multi-sensor approach based on a terrestrial laser scanner, a high-resolution digital camera and a total station is presented. Two emblematic caves of Paleolithic human occupation and situated in northern Spain, “Las Caldas” and “Peña de Candamo”, have been chosen to put in practise this approach. As a result, an integral and multi-scalable 3D model is generated which may allow other scientists, pre-historians, geologists…, to work on two different levels, integrating different Paleolithic Art datasets: (1) a basic level based on the accurate and metric support provided by the laser scanner; and (2) a advanced level using the range and image-based modelling.
Keywords: Archaeological; remote sensing; caves; active sensor; laser scanning; point-based techniques; close-range photogrammetry

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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Aguilera, D.; Muñoz-Nieto, A.; Gómez-Lahoz, J.; Herrero-Pascual, J.; Gutierrez-Alonso, G. 3D Digital Surveying and Modelling of Cave Geometry: Application to Paleolithic Rock Art. Sensors 2009, 9, 1108-1127.

AMA Style

González-Aguilera D, Muñoz-Nieto A, Gómez-Lahoz J, Herrero-Pascual J, Gutierrez-Alonso G. 3D Digital Surveying and Modelling of Cave Geometry: Application to Paleolithic Rock Art. Sensors. 2009; 9(2):1108-1127.

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Aguilera, Diego; Muñoz-Nieto, Angel; Gómez-Lahoz, Javier; Herrero-Pascual, Jesus; Gutierrez-Alonso, Gabriel. 2009. "3D Digital Surveying and Modelling of Cave Geometry: Application to Paleolithic Rock Art." Sensors 9, no. 2: 1108-1127.

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