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Sensors 2009, 9(12), 10309-10325; doi:10.3390/s91210309
Article

Field Measurements and Guidelines for the Application of Wireless Sensor Networks to the Environment and Security

*  and
Department Signal Theory and Communications, University Carlos III de Madrid, Av. de la Universidad, 30, 28911 Leganés, Madrid, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2009 / Revised: 4 December 2009 / Accepted: 7 December 2009 / Published: 18 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain)
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Abstract

Frequently, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are designed focusing on applications and omitting transmission problems in these wireless networks. In this paper, we present a measurement campaign that has been carried out using one of the most commonly used WSN platforms, the micaZ from Crossbow© . Based on these measurements, some guidelines to deploy a robust and reliable WSN are provided. The results are focused on security and environmental applications but can also be extrapolated to other scenarios. A main conclusion that can be extracted is that, from the transmission point of view, a dense WSN is one of the best choices to overcome many of the transmission problems such as the existence of a transitional region, redundance, forwarding, obstructions or interference with other systems.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; WSN; transmission problems; micaZ; application design; remote sensing sensors wireless sensor networks; WSN; transmission problems; micaZ; application design; remote sensing sensors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Jiménez, V.P.G.; Armada, A.G. Field Measurements and Guidelines for the Application of Wireless Sensor Networks to the Environment and Security. Sensors 2009, 9, 10309-10325.

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