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Sensors 2009, 9(11), 9058-9072; doi:10.3390/s91109058

New Method for Estimation of Aeolian Sand Transport Rate Using Ceramic Sand Flux Sensor (UD-101)

Disaster Control Research Center, Tohoku University, 6-6 Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
Received: 26 August 2009 / Revised: 4 November 2009 / Accepted: 5 November 2009 / Published: 13 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Japan)
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Abstract

In this study, a new method for the estimation of aeolian sand transport rate was developed; the method employs a ceramic sand flux sensor (UD-101). UD-101 detects wind-blown sand impacting on its surface. The method was devised by considering the results of wind tunnel experiments that were performed using a vertical sediment trap and the UD-101. Field measurements to evaluate the estimation accuracy during the prevalence of unsteady winds were performed on a flat backshore. The results showed that aeolian sand transport rates estimated using the developed method were of the same order as those estimated using the existing method for high transport rates, i.e., for transport rates greater than 0.01 kg m–1 s–1. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric sensor; impact counts; wind-blown sand transport; instantaneous sand transport; moisture content piezoelectric sensor; impact counts; wind-blown sand transport; instantaneous sand transport; moisture content
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Udo, K. New Method for Estimation of Aeolian Sand Transport Rate Using Ceramic Sand Flux Sensor (UD-101). Sensors 2009, 9, 9058-9072.

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