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Sensor for Distance Measurement Using Pixel Grey-Level Information
Electronics Department, University of Alcalá, Polytechnic School, University Campus, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid 28871, Spain
Telecommunications Department, Oriente University, Av. de las Américas, SN, Santiago de Cuba 90900, Cuba
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2009; in revised form: 29 October 2009 / Accepted: 4 November 2009 / Published: 6 November 2009
Abstract: An alternative method for distance measurement is presented, based on a radiometric approach to the image formation process. The proposed methodology uses images from an infrared emitting diode (IRED) to estimate the distance between the camera and the IRED. Camera output grey-level intensities are a function of the accumulated image irradiance, which is also related by inverse distance square law to the distance between the camera and the IRED. Analyzing camera-IRED distance, magnitudes that affected image grey-level intensities, and therefore accumulated image irradiance, were integrated into a differential model which was calibrated and used for distance estimation over a 200 to 600 cm range. In a preliminary model, the camera and the emitter were aligned.
Keywords: distance measurement; radiometry; cameras; calibration; infrared measurements; infrared image sensors
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Lázaro, J.L.; Cano, A.E.; Fernández, P.R.; Pompa, Y. Sensor for Distance Measurement Using Pixel Grey-Level Information. Sensors 2009, 9, 8896-8906.
Lázaro JL, Cano AE, Fernández PR, Pompa Y. Sensor for Distance Measurement Using Pixel Grey-Level Information. Sensors. 2009; 9(11):8896-8906.
Lázaro, José L.; Cano, Angel E.; Fernández, Pedro R.; Pompa, Yamilet. 2009. "Sensor for Distance Measurement Using Pixel Grey-Level Information." Sensors 9, no. 11: 8896-8906.