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A Study of Ground Deformation in the Guangzhou Urban Area with Persistent Scatterer Interferometry
Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 615, Esther Lee Building, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, P.R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2008; in revised form: 22 December 2008 / Accepted: 13 January 2009 / Published: 15 January 2009
Abstract: TheInterferometric Point Target Analysis (IPTA) technique and Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) images acquired over Hong Kong from 2007–2008 were used to detect ground deformation in the urban area of Guangzhou city in South China. A ground deformation rate map with scattered distribution of point targets shows the maximum subsidence (rise) rate as high as -26 to -20 mma-1 (16–21 mma-1), implying that the study area is an active zone for ground deformation. Based on the point target map, a contour ground deformation rate map is generated. The map shows three major subsidence zones located in the middle-west, the east, and the southwest of the study area, respectively. All the six ground collapse accidents that occurred in 2007–2008 fall within the subsidence zones, qualitatively validating the IPTA results. Ground subsidence and geological conditions on Datansha Island are examined. The results indicate that the local geological conditions, such as limestone Karst geomorphology as well as silt layers characterized by high water content, high void ratio, high compressibility, low bearing capacity and low shear strength, and underground engineering projects are responsible for ground subsidence and ground collapse accidents occurred there.
Keywords: Persistent Scatterer Interferometry; Ground subsidence; Guangzhou city
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhao, Q.; Lin, H.; Jiang, L.; Chen, F.; Cheng, S. A Study of Ground Deformation in the Guangzhou Urban Area with Persistent Scatterer Interferometry. Sensors 2009, 9, 503-518.
Zhao Q, Lin H, Jiang L, Chen F, Cheng S. A Study of Ground Deformation in the Guangzhou Urban Area with Persistent Scatterer Interferometry. Sensors. 2009; 9(1):503-518.
Zhao, Qing; Lin, Hui; Jiang, Liming; Chen, Fulong; Cheng, Shilai. 2009. "A Study of Ground Deformation in the Guangzhou Urban Area with Persistent Scatterer Interferometry." Sensors 9, no. 1: 503-518.