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Sensors 2008, 8(9), 5942-5960; doi:10.3390/s8095942

Developments and Applications of Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Sensors Based on Micro- and Nanomaterials

1, 1,2, 1 and 1,*
1 Department of Chemistry, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA 2 School of Chemistry and Materials Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062, P.R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2008 / Revised: 22 September 2008 / Accepted: 23 September 2008 / Published: 25 September 2008
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A variety of recent developments and applications of electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) for sensors are described. While tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)-ruthenium(II) and luminol have dominated and continue to pervade the field of ECL-based sensors, recent work has focused on use of these lumophores with micro- and nanomaterials. It has also extended to inherently luminescent nanomaterials, such as quantum dots. Sensor configurations including microelectrode arrays and microfluidics are reviewed and, with the recent trend toward increased use of nanomaterials, special attention has been given to sensors which include thin films, nanoparticles and nanotubes. Applications of ECL labels and examples of label-free sensing that incorporate nanomaterials are also discussed.
Keywords: Electrogenerated chemiluminescence; Sensors; Nanomaterials; Fluorescence Electrogenerated chemiluminescence; Sensors; Nanomaterials; Fluorescence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hazelton, S.G.; Zheng, X.; Zhao, J.X.; Pierce, D.T. Developments and Applications of Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Sensors Based on Micro- and Nanomaterials. Sensors 2008, 8, 5942-5960.

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