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A Lidar Point Cloud Based Procedure for Vertical Canopy Structure Analysis And 3D Single Tree Modelling in Forest
Dept. of Remote Sensing and Landscape Information Systems, University of Freiburg, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2008; in revised form: 5 June 2008 / Accepted: 6 June 2008 / Published: 12 June 2008
Abstract: A procedure for both vertical canopy structure analysis and 3D single tree modelling based on Lidar point cloud is presented in this paper. The whole area of research is segmented into small study cells by a raster net. For each cell, a normalized point cloud whose point heights represent the absolute heights of the ground objects is generated from the original Lidar raw point cloud. The main tree canopy layers and the height ranges of the layers are detected according to a statistical analysis of the height distribution probability of the normalized raw points. For the 3D modelling of individual trees, individual trees are detected and delineated not only from the top canopy layer but also from the sub canopy layer. The normalized points are resampled into a local voxel space. A series of horizontal 2D projection images at the different height levels are then generated respect to the voxel space. Tree crown regions are detected from the projection images. Individual trees are then extracted by means of a pre-order forest traversal process through all the tree crown regions at the different height levels. Finally, 3D tree crown models of the extracted individual trees are reconstructed. With further analyses on the 3D models of individual tree crowns, important parameters such as crown height range, crown volume and crown contours at the different height levels can be derived.
Keywords: Lidar; Point Cloud; Single Tree; Crown; 3D Modelling
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Wang, Y.; Weinacker, H.; Koch, B. A Lidar Point Cloud Based Procedure for Vertical Canopy Structure Analysis And 3D Single Tree Modelling in Forest. Sensors 2008, 8, 3938-3951.
Wang Y, Weinacker H, Koch B. A Lidar Point Cloud Based Procedure for Vertical Canopy Structure Analysis And 3D Single Tree Modelling in Forest. Sensors. 2008; 8(6):3938-3951.
Wang, Yunsheng; Weinacker, Holger; Koch, Barbara. 2008. "A Lidar Point Cloud Based Procedure for Vertical Canopy Structure Analysis And 3D Single Tree Modelling in Forest." Sensors 8, no. 6: 3938-3951.