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Sensors 2008, 8(5), 3335-3344; doi:10.3390/s8053335
Article

Non-Invasive Glucose Measurement by Use of Metabolic Heat Conformation Method

* , ,  and
Received: 23 April 2008; Accepted: 20 May 2008 / Published: 21 May 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Natural Resources and the Environment)
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Abstract: A non-invasive glucose measurement system based on the method of metabolic heat conformation (MHC) is presented in this paper. This system consists of three temperature sensors, two humidity sensors, an infrared sensor and an optical measurement device. The glucose level can be deduced from the quantity of heat dissipation, blood flow rate of local tissue and degree of blood oxygen saturation. The methodology of the data process and the measurement error are also analyzed. The system is applied in a primary clinical test. Compared with the results of a commercial automated chemistry analyzer, the correlation coefficient of the collected data from the system is 0.856. Result shows that the correlation coefficient improves when the factor of heat dissipated by evaporation of the skin is added in. A non-invasive method of measuring the blood flow rate of local tissue by heat transmission between skin and contacted conductor is also introduced. Theoretical derivation and numerical simulation are completed as well. The so-called normalized difference mean (NDM) is chosen to express the quantity of the blood flow rate. The correlation coefficient between the blood flow rates by this method and the results of a Doppler blood flow meter is equal to 0.914.
Keywords: sensor; heat dissipation; blood flow rate; degree of blood oxygen saturation; evaporation sensor; heat dissipation; blood flow rate; degree of blood oxygen saturation; evaporation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, F.; Wang, X.; Wang, D.; Li, J. Non-Invasive Glucose Measurement by Use of Metabolic Heat Conformation Method. Sensors 2008, 8, 3335-3344.

AMA Style

Tang F, Wang X, Wang D, Li J. Non-Invasive Glucose Measurement by Use of Metabolic Heat Conformation Method. Sensors. 2008; 8(5):3335-3344.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Fei; Wang, Xiaohao; Wang, Dongsheng; Li, Junfeng. 2008. "Non-Invasive Glucose Measurement by Use of Metabolic Heat Conformation Method." Sensors 8, no. 5: 3335-3344.


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