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Sensors 2008, 8(12), 8463-8478; doi:10.3390/s8128463

Voltammetric Behaviour of Sulfamethoxazole on Electropolymerized-Molecularly Imprinted Overoxidized Polypyrrole

1
Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
2
Anadolu University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry 26470, Eskişehir, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2008 / Revised: 7 December 2008 / Accepted: 18 December 2008 / Published: 18 December 2008
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
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Abstract

In this work, preparation of a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film and its recognition properties for sulfamethoxazolewere investigated. The overoxidized polypyrrole (OPPy) film was prepared by the cyclic voltammetric deposition of pyrrole (Py) in the presence of supporting electrolyte (tetrabutylammonium perchlorate-TBAP) with and without a template molecule (sulfamethoxazole) on a pencil graphite electrode (PGE). The voltammetric behaviour of sulfamethoxazole on imprinted and non-imprinted (NIP) films was investigated by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in Britton-Robinson (BR) buffer solutions prepared in different ratio of acetonitrile-water binary mixture, between the pH 1.5 and 7.0. The effect of the acetonitrile-water ratio and pH, monomer and template concentrations, electropolymerization cycles on the performance of the MIP electrode was investigated and optimized. The MIP electrode exhibited the best reproducibility and highest sensitivity. The results showed that changing acetonitrile-water ratio and pH of BR buffer solution changes the oxidation peak current values. The highest anodic signal of sulfamethoxazole was obtained in BR buffer solution prepared in 50% (v/v) acetonitrile-water at pH 2.5. The calibration curve for sulfamethoxazole at MIP electrode has linear region for a concentration range of 25.10-3 to 0.75 mM (R2=0.9993). The detection limit of sulfamethoxazole was found as 3.59.10-4 mM (S/N=3). The same method was also applied to determination of sulfamethoxazole in commercial pharmaceutical samples. Method precision (RSD<1%) and recoveries (>87%) were satisfactory. The proposed method is simple and quick. The polypyrrole (PPy) electrodes have low response time, good mechanical stability and are disposable simple to construct. View Full-Text
Keywords: Molecularly imprinted polymer; overoxidized polypyrrole; pencil graphite electrode; electropolymerization; sulfamethoxazole; sulfonamides Molecularly imprinted polymer; overoxidized polypyrrole; pencil graphite electrode; electropolymerization; sulfamethoxazole; sulfonamides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ozkorucuklu, S.P.; Sahin, Y.; Alsancak, G. Voltammetric Behaviour of Sulfamethoxazole on Electropolymerized-Molecularly Imprinted Overoxidized Polypyrrole. Sensors 2008, 8, 8463-8478.

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