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Fabrication and Characterization of PZT Thick Films for Sensing and Actuation
AbstractLead Zirconate Titanate oxide (PZT) thick films with thicknesses of up to 10 μmwere developed using a modified sol-gel technique. Usually, the film thickness is less than1 μm by conventional sol-gel processing, while the electrical charge accumulation whichreveals the direct effect of piezoelectricity is proportional to the film thickness and thereforerestricted. Two approaches were adopted to conventional sol-gel processing – precursorconcentration modulation and rapid thermal annealing. A 10 μm thick film was successfullyfabricated by coating 16 times via this technique. The thickness of each coating layer wasabout 0.6 μm and the morphology of the film was dense with a crack-free area as large as 16mm2. In addition, the structure, surface morphology and physical properties werecharacterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomicforce microscopy (AFM) and electrical performance. The dielectric constant and hysteresisloops were measured as electric characteristics. This study investigates the actuation andsensing performance of the vibrating structures with the piezoelectric thick film. Theactuation tests demonstrated that a 4 mm x 4 mm x 6.5 μm PZT film drove a 40 mm x 7 mmx 0.5 mm silicon beam as an actuator. Additionally, it generated an electrical signal of 60mVpp as a sensor, while vibration was input by a shaker. The frequencies of the first twomodes of the beam were compared with the theoretical values obtained by Euler-Bernoullibeam theory. The linearity of the actuation and sensing tests were also examined.
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Jang, L.-S.; Kuo, K.-C. Fabrication and Characterization of PZT Thick Films for Sensing and Actuation. Sensors 2007, 7, 493-507.View more citation formats
Jang L-S, Kuo K-C. Fabrication and Characterization of PZT Thick Films for Sensing and Actuation. Sensors. 2007; 7(4):493-507.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jang, Ling-Sheng; Kuo, Kuo-Ching. 2007. "Fabrication and Characterization of PZT Thick Films for Sensing and Actuation." Sensors 7, no. 4: 493-507.