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Development of QCM Trimethylamine Sensor Based on Water Soluble Polyaniline
National Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P.R.China
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P.R.China
School of Environmental and Material Engineering, Center of Advanced Functional Materials, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, P.R.China
Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P.R.China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2007; Accepted: 16 October 2007 / Published: 17 October 2007
Abstract: A rapid, sensitive, low-cost device to detect trimethylamine was presented in thispaper. The preparation of water soluble polyaniline was firstly studied. Then the polyanilinewas characterized via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-visiblespectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the water solublepolyaniline film, a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor for trimethylamine detectionwas fabricated and its characteristics were examined. The sensor consisted of one quartzcrystal oscillator coated with the polyaniline film for sensing and the other one forreference. Pretreated with trimethylamine, the QCM sensor had an excellent linearsensitivity to trimethylamine. Easily recovered by N2 purgation, the response of the sensorexhibited a good repeatability. Responses of the sensor to trimethylamine, ethanol and ethylacetate were compared, and the results showed that the response was related to the polarityof the analyte vapor. Experimental result also showed that the sensitivity of the sensor wasrelatively stable within one month. The simple and feasible method to prepare and coat thepolyaniline sensing film makes it promising for mass production.
Keywords: QCM; Gas Sensor; Conducting Polymer; Polyaniline; Trimethylamine
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Li, G.; Zheng, J.; Ma, X.; Sun, Y.; Fu, J.; Wu, G. Development of QCM Trimethylamine Sensor Based on Water Soluble Polyaniline. Sensors 2007, 7, 2378-2388.
Li G, Zheng J, Ma X, Sun Y, Fu J, Wu G. Development of QCM Trimethylamine Sensor Based on Water Soluble Polyaniline. Sensors. 2007; 7(10):2378-2388.
Li, Guang; Zheng, Junbao; Ma, Xingfa; Sun, Yu; Fu, Jun; Wu, Gang. 2007. "Development of QCM Trimethylamine Sensor Based on Water Soluble Polyaniline." Sensors 7, no. 10: 2378-2388.