Sensors 2006, 6(7), 746-755; doi:10.3390/s6070746
Article

A Comparison of Frequency Pullability in Oscillators Using a Single AT-Cut Quartz Crystal and Those Using Two Single AT- Cut Crystals Connected in Parallel with a Series Load Capacitance or Series Load Inductance

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Received: 6 April 2006; Accepted: 5 July 2006 / Published: 29 July 2006
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper presents a comparison of frequency pullability in oscillators using asingle AT-cut crystal and those using two single AT-cut crystals connected in paralleloperated with a series load capacitance or series load inductance at fundamental frequenciesof 4, 10 and 19 MHz. Pullability describes how the operating frequency may be changed byvarying the load capacitance. The paper also gives impedance circuits for both single- anddual-crystal units. The experiment results show that the new approach using two singlequartz crystals connected in parallel increases the frequency pulling range by 30-200% pending on the type of oscillator. Also given is the crystal frequency stability at thesethree frequencies.
Keywords: quartz; AT cut; pulling range; two single-crystal unit oscillator.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matko, V. A Comparison of Frequency Pullability in Oscillators Using a Single AT-Cut Quartz Crystal and Those Using Two Single AT- Cut Crystals Connected in Parallel with a Series Load Capacitance or Series Load Inductance. Sensors 2006, 6, 746-755.

AMA Style

Matko V. A Comparison of Frequency Pullability in Oscillators Using a Single AT-Cut Quartz Crystal and Those Using Two Single AT- Cut Crystals Connected in Parallel with a Series Load Capacitance or Series Load Inductance. Sensors. 2006; 6(7):746-755.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matko, Vojko. 2006. "A Comparison of Frequency Pullability in Oscillators Using a Single AT-Cut Quartz Crystal and Those Using Two Single AT- Cut Crystals Connected in Parallel with a Series Load Capacitance or Series Load Inductance." Sensors 6, no. 7: 746-755.

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