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Sensors 2003, 3(7), 263-275; doi:10.3390/s30700263

Experimental Determination of Bending Resonances of Millimeter Size PVF2 Cantilevers

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221- 0012, USA
Structural Dynamics Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Nuclear Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0072, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2003 / Accepted: 6 July 2003 / Published: 27 July 2003
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The polymer piezoelectric polvinylidene fluoride has found widespread use in sensors and actuators. The bending mode of piezoelectricity offers very high sensitivities and low mechanical input impedance, but has not been studied in as much detail for sensor applications. We report the dynamic electromechanical properties of millimeter size cantilevers made from electroded films of PVF2. All devices tested had a single polymer layer. Several resonances are found below 1 kHz and the experimentally observed resonance frequency dependence on cantilever thickness and length are seen to agree well with published models which take the properties of the electrodes into account. It is found that bending resonances are also modulated by the width of the cantilever. Therefore, though the length and thickness control the resonance frequency most strongly, the actual realized value can be fine-tuned by changing cantilever width and the electrode material and its thickness. Further, all resonances display high piezoelectric coupling coefficients (keff), ranging between 0.2 - 0.35. The data presented here will be extremely useful in the design of sensors and actuators for a number of applications, since the combination of millimeter size scales and high piezoelectric sensitivities in the low audio range can be realized with this marriage of polymeric materials and cantilever geometries. Such an array of sensors can be used in cochlear implant applications, and when integrated with a resonance interrogation circuit can be used for the detection of low frequency vibrations of large structures. If appropriate mass/elasticity sensitive layers are coated on the electrodes, such a sensor can be used for the detection of a wide range of chemicals and biochemicals.
Keywords: piezoelectric; polymer; polyvinylidene fluoride; cantilever; bending; vibration piezoelectric; polymer; polyvinylidene fluoride; cantilever; bending; vibration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mukherjee, N.; Shukla, A.; Roseman, R.D.; Thompson, D.F. Experimental Determination of Bending Resonances of Millimeter Size PVF2 Cantilevers. Sensors 2003, 3, 263-275.

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