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Design of a Wireless Sensor Network for Long-term, In-Situ Monitoring of an Aqueous Environment
Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 USA
SenTech Corporation, 200 Innovation Boulevard Suite 236, State College, PA 16803 USA
Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Materials Research Institute, The PennState University, 217 Materials Research Lab, University Park, PA 16802 USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2002; Accepted: 26 November 2002 / Published: 30 November 2002
Abstract: An aqueous sensor network is described consisting of an array of sensor nodes that can be randomly distributed throughout a lake or drinking water reservoir. The data of an individual node is transmitted to the host node via acoustic waves using intermediate nodes as relays. Each node of the sensor network is a data router, and contains sensors capable of measuring environmental parameters of interest. Depending upon the required application, each sensor node can be equipped with different types of physical, biological or chemical sensors, allowing long-term, wide area, in situ multi-parameter monitoring. In this work the aqueous sensor network is described, with application to pH measurement using magnetoelastic sensors. Beyond ensuring drinking water safety, possible applications for the aqueous sensor network include advanced industrial process control, monitoring of aquatic biological communities, and monitoring of waste-stream effluents.
Keywords: Sensor network; sensor node; aqueous environment; underwater; sensor array
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MDPI and ACS Style
Yang, X.; Ong, K.G.; Dreschel, W.R.; Zeng, K.; Mungle, C.S.; Grimes, C.A. Design of a Wireless Sensor Network for Long-term, In-Situ Monitoring of an Aqueous Environment. Sensors 2002, 2, 455-472.
Yang X, Ong KG, Dreschel WR, Zeng K, Mungle CS, Grimes CA. Design of a Wireless Sensor Network for Long-term, In-Situ Monitoring of an Aqueous Environment. Sensors. 2002; 2(11):455-472.
Yang, Xiping; Ong, Keat G.; Dreschel, William R.; Zeng, Kefeng; Mungle, Casey S.; Grimes, Craig A. 2002. "Design of a Wireless Sensor Network for Long-term, In-Situ Monitoring of an Aqueous Environment." Sensors 2, no. 11: 455-472.