Sensors 2002, 2(1), 23-34; doi:10.3390/s20100023
Article

In-Situ Chemiresistor Sensor Package for Real-Time Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil and Groundwater

Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2001; Accepted: 10 January 2002 / Published: 30 January 2002
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Abstract: This paper presents the development of a real-time microsensor-based monitoring system that can be used to detect and characterize volatile organic compounds in soil and groundwater. The system employs an array of polymer-based microsensors (chemiresistors) packaged in a waterproof housing that is designed to protect the sensor from harsh subsurface environments, including completely water-saturated conditions. The sensors and packaging have been tested in field and laboratory environments, and characterization methods are being developed that utilize contaminant-transport models and time-dependent, in-situ sensor data to identify the location of the contaminant source.
Keywords: In-situ; hydrocarbon; real-time; polymer; contaminant

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ho, C.K.; Hughes, R.C. In-Situ Chemiresistor Sensor Package for Real-Time Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil and Groundwater. Sensors 2002, 2, 23-34.

AMA Style

Ho CK, Hughes RC. In-Situ Chemiresistor Sensor Package for Real-Time Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil and Groundwater. Sensors. 2002; 2(1):23-34.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ho, Clifford K.; Hughes, Robert C. 2002. "In-Situ Chemiresistor Sensor Package for Real-Time Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil and Groundwater." Sensors 2, no. 1: 23-34.

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