Wideband Spectrum Sensing Based on Single-Channel Sub-Nyquist Sampling for Cognitive Radio
AbstractSpectrum sensing is an important task in cognitive radio. However, currently available Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC) can hardly satisfy the sampling rate requirement for wideband signals. Even with such an ADC, the cost is extremely high in terms of price and power consumption. In this paper, we propose a spectrum-sensing method based on single-channel sub-Nyquist sampling. Firstly, a serial Multi-Coset Sampling (MCS) structure is designed to avoid mismatches among sub-ADCs in the traditional parallel MCS. Clocks of the sample/hold and ADC are provided by two non-uniform sampling clocks. The cooperation between these two non-uniform sampling clocks shifts the high sampling rate burden from the ADC to the sample/hold. Secondly, a power spectrum estimation method using sub-Nyquist samples is introduced, and an efficient spectrum-sensing algorithm is proposed. By exploiting the frequency-smoothing property, the proposed efficient spectrum-sensing algorithm only needs to estimate power spectrum at partial frequency bins to conduct spectrum sensing, which will save a large amount of computational cost. Finally, the sampling pattern design of the proposed serial MCS is given, and it is proved to be a minimal circular sparse ruler with an additional constraint. Simulations show that mismatches in traditional parallel MCS have a serious impact on spectrum-sensing performance, while the proposed serial MCS combined with the efficient spectrum-sensing algorithm exhibits outstanding spectrum-sensing performance at much lower computational cost. View Full-Text
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Liu, C.; Wang, H.; Zhang, J.; He, Z. Wideband Spectrum Sensing Based on Single-Channel Sub-Nyquist Sampling for Cognitive Radio. Sensors 2018, 18, 2222.
Liu C, Wang H, Zhang J, He Z. Wideband Spectrum Sensing Based on Single-Channel Sub-Nyquist Sampling for Cognitive Radio. Sensors. 2018; 18(7):2222.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Changjian; Wang, Houjun; Zhang, Jie; He, Zongmiao. 2018. "Wideband Spectrum Sensing Based on Single-Channel Sub-Nyquist Sampling for Cognitive Radio." Sensors 18, no. 7: 2222.
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