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Sensors 2018, 18(7), 2216; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18072216

3D Analysis of Upper Limbs Motion during Rehabilitation Exercises Using the KinectTM Sensor: Development, Laboratory Validation and Clinical Application

1
Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics and Organogenesis (LABO), Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2
Department of Electronics and Informatics—ETRO, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
3
International Medical Equipment Collaborative (IMEC), Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
4
Department of Applied Mathematics, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 195251 Sankt-Peterburg, Russia
5
Institute of Computer Science and Mathematics, Slovak University of Technology, 81237 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
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Abstract

Optoelectronic devices are the gold standard for 3D evaluation in clinics, but due to the complexity of this kind of hardware and the lack of access for patients, affordable, transportable, and easy-to-use systems must be developed to be largely used in daily clinics. The KinectTM sensor has various advantages compared to optoelectronic devices, such as its price and transportability. However, it also has some limitations: (in)accuracy of the skeleton detection and tracking as well as the limited amount of available points, which makes 3D evaluation impossible. To overcome these limitations, a novel method has been developed to perform 3D evaluation of the upper limbs. This system is coupled to rehabilitation exercises, allowing functional evaluation while performing physical rehabilitation. To validate this new approach, a two-step method was used. The first step was a laboratory validation where the results obtained with the KinectTM were compared with the results obtained with an optoelectronic device; 40 healthy young adults participated in this first part. The second step was to determine the clinical relevance of this kind of measurement. Results of the healthy subjects were compared with a group of 22 elderly adults and a group of 10 chronic stroke patients to determine if different patterns could be observed. The new methodology and the different steps of the validations are presented in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: Kinect; validation; assessment; functional evaluation; shoulder; markerless system Kinect; validation; assessment; functional evaluation; shoulder; markerless system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Bonnechère, B.; Sholukha, V.; Omelina, L.; Van Sint Jan, S.; Jansen, B. 3D Analysis of Upper Limbs Motion during Rehabilitation Exercises Using the KinectTM Sensor: Development, Laboratory Validation and Clinical Application. Sensors 2018, 18, 2216.

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