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Sensors 2018, 18(4), 1238; doi:10.3390/s18041238

Frequency Based Design Partitioning to Achieve Higher Throughput in Digital Cross Correlator for Aperture Synthesis Passive MMW Imager

School of Electronic Information Engineering, Beihang University, No. 37, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China
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Received: 15 February 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

Digital cross-correlation is central to many applications including but not limited to Digital Image Processing, Satellite Navigation and Remote Sensing. With recent advancements in digital technology, the computational demands of such applications have increased enormously. In this paper we are presenting a high throughput digital cross correlator, capable of processing 1-bit digitized stream, at the rate of up to 2 GHz, simultaneously on 64 channels i.e., approximately 4 Trillion correlation and accumulation operations per second. In order to achieve higher throughput, we have focused on frequency based partitioning of our design and tried to minimize and localize high frequency operations. This correlator is designed for a Passive Millimeter Wave Imager intended for the detection of contraband items concealed on human body. The goals are to increase the system bandwidth, achieve video rate imaging, improve sensitivity and reduce the size. Design methodology is detailed in subsequent sections, elaborating the techniques enabling high throughput. The design is verified for Xilinx Kintex UltraScale device in simulation and the implementation results are given in terms of device utilization and power consumption estimates. Our results show considerable improvements in throughput as compared to our baseline design, while the correlator successfully meets the functional requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: FPGA; digital correlator; radiometer; passive imager; aperture synthesis FPGA; digital correlator; radiometer; passive imager; aperture synthesis
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Asif, M.; Guo, X.; Zhang, J.; Miao, J. Frequency Based Design Partitioning to Achieve Higher Throughput in Digital Cross Correlator for Aperture Synthesis Passive MMW Imager. Sensors 2018, 18, 1238.

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