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Sensors 2018, 18(2), 650; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18020650

Optical Method for Estimating the Chlorophyll Contents in Plant Leaves

1
Tecnológico Nacional de México, 29000 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico
2
Le2i FRE2005, CNRS, Arts et Métiers, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, av. des Plaines de l’Yonne, BP16, 89010 Auxerre CEDEX, France
3
Institut Pascal, Université Clermont Auvergne, 63178 Clermont Ferrand, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 January 2018 / Revised: 16 February 2018 / Accepted: 18 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optical Biochemical Sensor Systems and Applications)
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Abstract

This work introduces a new vision-based approach for estimating chlorophyll contents in a plant leaf using reflectance and transmittance as base parameters. Images of the top and underside of the leaf are captured. To estimate the base parameters (reflectance/transmittance), a novel optical arrangement is proposed. The chlorophyll content is then estimated by using linear regression where the inputs are the reflectance and transmittance of the leaf. Performance of the proposed method for chlorophyll content estimation was compared with a spectrophotometer and a Soil Plant Analysis Development (SPAD) meter. Chlorophyll content estimation was realized for Lactuca sativa L., Azadirachta indica, Canavalia ensiforme, and Lycopersicon esculentum. Experimental results showed that—in terms of accuracy and processing speed—the proposed algorithm outperformed many of the previous vision-based approach methods that have used SPAD as a reference device. On the other hand, the accuracy reached is 91% for crops such as Azadirachta indica, where the chlorophyll value was obtained using the spectrophotometer. Additionally, it was possible to achieve an estimation of the chlorophyll content in the leaf every 200 ms with a low-cost camera and a simple optical arrangement. This non-destructive method increased accuracy in the chlorophyll content estimation by using an optical arrangement that yielded both the reflectance and transmittance information, while the required hardware is cheap. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorophyll content estimation; image processing; biochemical sensor chlorophyll content estimation; image processing; biochemical sensor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Pérez-Patricio, M.; Camas-Anzueto, J.L.; Sanchez-Alegría, A.; Aguilar-González, A.; Gutiérrez-Miceli, F.; Escobar-Gómez, E.; Voisin, Y.; Rios-Rojas, C.; Grajales-Coutiño, R. Optical Method for Estimating the Chlorophyll Contents in Plant Leaves. Sensors 2018, 18, 650.

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