La-CTP: Loop-Aware Routing for Energy-Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks
AbstractIn emerging energy-harvesting wireless sensor networks (EH-WSN), the sensor nodes can harvest environmental energy to drive their operation, releasing the user’s burden in terms of frequent battery replacement, and even enabling perpetual sensing systems. In EH-WSN applications, usually, the node in energy-harvesting or recharging state has to stop working until it completes the energy replenishment. However, such temporary departures of recharging nodes severely impact the packet routing, and one immediate result is the routing loop problem. Controlling loops in connectivity-intermittent EH-WSN in an efficient way is a big challenge in practice, and so far, users still lack of effective and practicable routing protocols with loop handling. Based on the Collection Tree Protocol (CTP) widely used in traditional wireless sensor networks, this paper proposes a loop-aware routing protocol for real-world EH-WSNs, called La-CTP, which involves a new parent updating metric and a proactive, adaptive beaconing scheme to effectively suppress the occurrence of loops and unlock unavoidable loops, respectively. We constructed a 100-node testbed to evaluate La-CTP, and the experimental results showed its efficacy and efficiency. View Full-Text
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Sun, G.; Shang, X.; Zuo, Y. La-CTP: Loop-Aware Routing for Energy-Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 434.
Sun G, Shang X, Zuo Y. La-CTP: Loop-Aware Routing for Energy-Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2018; 18(2):434.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Guodong; Shang, Xinna; Zuo, Yan. 2018. "La-CTP: Loop-Aware Routing for Energy-Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks." Sensors 18, no. 2: 434.