Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems
AbstractIn this paper, a random access preamble (RAP) design technique for underwater acoustic cellular systems is proposed. After showing that the conventional RAP used in long term evolution (LTE) systems is not appropriate for underwater acoustic cellular systems, two different types of RAPs (RAP 1 and RAP 2) are proposed to detect the identity of underwater equipment/nodes (UEs) and estimate the time delay between a UE and an underwater base station (UBS) at the physical layer. RAP 1 is generated using a Zadoff-Chu (ZC) sequence where the identity of the UE is mapped to its root index, whereas RAP 2 is generated using a linear frequency modulation (LFM) waveform where the identity of the UE is mapped to its frequency sweeping parameter and frequency shifting parameter. Ambiguity functions (AFs) and cross-ambiguity functions (CAFs) of RAP 1 and RAP 2 are derived to investigate their correlation properties under the effect of time delay and Doppler shift. The performance of RAP detection is investigated by analyzing the detection probabilities and false alarm probabilities of RAP 1 and RAP 2 in a Doppler environment. By evaluating the performances of RAP 1 and RAP 2 in various situations, it is concluded that RAP 2 is more suitable for underwater acoustic cellular systems. The AF and CAF analytically obtained in this paper are shown to be similar to those obtained using experimental data. View Full-Text
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Pec, R.; Khan, M.S.; Asim, M.; Cho, Y.S. Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems. Sensors 2018, 18, 432.
Pec R, Khan MS, Asim M, Cho YS. Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems. Sensors. 2018; 18(2):432.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pec, Rothna; Khan, Mohammed S.; Asim, Muhammad; Cho, Yong S. 2018. "Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems." Sensors 18, no. 2: 432.