Quantified, Interactive Simulation of AMCW ToF Camera Including Multipath Effects
AbstractIn the last decade, Time-of-Flight (ToF) range cameras have gained increasing popularity in robotics, automotive industry, and home entertainment. Despite technological developments, ToF cameras still suffer from error sources such as multipath interference or motion artifacts. Thus, simulation of ToF cameras, including these artifacts, is important to improve camera and algorithm development. This paper presents a physically-based, interactive simulation technique for amplitude modulated continuous wave (AMCW) ToF cameras, which, among other error sources, includes single bounce indirect multipath interference based on an enhanced image-space approach. The simulation accounts for physical units down to the charge level accumulated in sensor pixels. Furthermore, we present the first quantified comparison for ToF camera simulators. We present bidirectional reference distribution function (BRDF) measurements for selected, purchasable materials in the near-infrared (NIR) range, craft real and synthetic scenes out of these materials and quantitatively compare the range sensor data. View Full-Text
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Bulczak, D.; Lambers, M.; Kolb, A. Quantified, Interactive Simulation of AMCW ToF Camera Including Multipath Effects. Sensors 2018, 18, 13.
Bulczak D, Lambers M, Kolb A. Quantified, Interactive Simulation of AMCW ToF Camera Including Multipath Effects. Sensors. 2018; 18(1):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bulczak, David; Lambers, Martin; Kolb, Andreas. 2018. "Quantified, Interactive Simulation of AMCW ToF Camera Including Multipath Effects." Sensors 18, no. 1: 13.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.