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Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1782; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081782

Curve Set Feature-Based Robust and Fast Pose Estimation Algorithm

Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza Aoba 6-6-01, Aoba-Ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
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Received: 5 July 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 31 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

Bin picking refers to picking the randomly-piled objects from a bin for industrial production purposes, and robotic bin picking is always used in automated assembly lines. In order to achieve a higher productivity, a fast and robust pose estimation algorithm is necessary to recognize and localize the randomly-piled parts. This paper proposes a pose estimation algorithm for bin picking tasks using point cloud data. A novel descriptor Curve Set Feature (CSF) is proposed to describe a point by the surface fluctuation around this point and is also capable of evaluating poses. The Rotation Match Feature (RMF) is proposed to match CSF efficiently. The matching process combines the idea of the matching in 2D space of origin Point Pair Feature (PPF) algorithm with nearest neighbor search. A voxel-based pose verification method is introduced to evaluate the poses and proved to be more than 30-times faster than the kd-tree-based verification method. Our algorithm is evaluated against a large number of synthetic and real scenes and proven to be robust to noise, able to detect metal parts, more accurately and more than 10-times faster than PPF and Oriented, Unique and Repeatable (OUR)-Clustered Viewpoint Feature Histogram (CVFH). View Full-Text
Keywords: bin picking; pose estimation; curve set feature; rotation match feature; pose verification bin picking; pose estimation; curve set feature; rotation match feature; pose verification
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Li, M.; Hashimoto, K. Curve Set Feature-Based Robust and Fast Pose Estimation Algorithm. Sensors 2017, 17, 1782.

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