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Sensors 2017, 17(7), 1572; doi:10.3390/s17071572

Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

1
School of Instrument Science and Opto-Electronics Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
2
Institute of Biomedical Technologies, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 23 June 2017 / Accepted: 1 July 2017 / Published: 5 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosensors for Cancer Biomarkers)
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Abstract

Early-stage cancer detection could reduce breast cancer death rates significantly in the long-term. The most critical point for best prognosis is to identify early-stage cancer cells. Investigators have studied many breast diagnostic approaches, including mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, computerized tomography, positron emission tomography and biopsy. However, these techniques have some limitations such as being expensive, time consuming and not suitable for young women. Developing a high-sensitive and rapid early-stage breast cancer diagnostic method is urgent. In recent years, investigators have paid their attention in the development of biosensors to detect breast cancer using different biomarkers. Apart from biosensors and biomarkers, microwave imaging techniques have also been intensely studied as a promising diagnostic tool for rapid and cost-effective early-stage breast cancer detection. This paper aims to provide an overview on recent important achievements in breast screening methods (particularly on microwave imaging) and breast biomarkers along with biosensors for rapidly diagnosing breast cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave imaging; microwave-sensing; breast cancer; biomarker; radio frequency biosensor; microwave biosensor microwave imaging; microwave-sensing; breast cancer; biomarker; radio frequency biosensor; microwave biosensor
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Wang, L. Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer. Sensors 2017, 17, 1572.

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