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Sensors 2017, 17(7), 1562; doi:10.3390/s17071562

An RFID-Based Smart Structure for the Supply Chain: Resilient Scanning Proofs and Ownership Transfer with Positive Secrecy Capacity Channels

1
Department of Computer Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32304, USA
2
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, Universidad de Málaga, 29070 Málaga, Spain
3
Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Ingeniería de Informática y de Sistemas, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 Tenerife, Spain
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Burmester, M.; Munilla, J. Resilient Grouping Proofs with Missing Tag Identification. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence (UCAmI 2016), Canary Islands, Spain, 29 November–2 December; Garca C., Caballero-Gil P., Burmester M., Quesada-Arencibia A., Eds; Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence; Springer: Cham, Switzerland, 2016; Volume 10070, pp. 544–555.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2017 / Revised: 24 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from UCAmI 2016)
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Abstract

The National Strategy for Global Supply Chain Security published in 2012 by the White House identifies two primary goals for strengthening global supply chains: first, to promote the efficient and secure movement of goods, and second to foster a resilient supply chain. The Internet of Things (IoT), and in particular Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology, can be used to realize these goals. For product identification, tracking and real-time awareness, RFID tags are attached to goods. As tagged goods move along the supply chain from the suppliers to the manufacturers, and then on to the retailers until eventually they reach the customers, two major security challenges can be identified: (I) to protect the shipment of goods that are controlled by potentially untrusted carriers; and (II) to secure the transfer of ownership at each stage of the chain. For the former, grouping proofs in which the tags of the scanned goods generate a proof of “simulatenous” presence can be employed, while for the latter, ownership transfer protocols (OTP) are used. This paper describes enhanced security solutions for both challenges. We first extend earlier work on grouping proofs and group codes to capture resilient group scanning with untrusted readers; then, we describe a modified version of a recently published OTP based on channels with positive secrecy capacity adapted to be implemented on common RFID systems in the supply chain. The proposed solutions take into account the limitations of low cost tags employed in the supply chain, which are only required to generate pseudorandom numbers and compute one-way hash functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: RFID; grouping proof; ownership transfer; supply chain; secrecy capacity RFID; grouping proof; ownership transfer; supply chain; secrecy capacity
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Burmester, M.; Munilla, J.; Ortiz, A.; Caballero-Gil, P. An RFID-Based Smart Structure for the Supply Chain: Resilient Scanning Proofs and Ownership Transfer with Positive Secrecy Capacity Channels. Sensors 2017, 17, 1562.

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